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Probation

Understanding Probation

Who is a Probation Office?

The Job of a Probation Officer

The Job of a Probation Officer

Probation officers are often confused with parole officers, however, there is an important distinction between these two positions. A parole officer is an individual who supervises convicts who are released from jail because they have demonstrated good behavior. A probation officer is also responsible for supervising his/her charges. The convicts that a probation officer supervises are individuals who have completed their sentences, or who have had their sentences suspended. 
Supervision is the primary responsibility of parole officers. They must ensure that their charges are adhering to the rules and regulations specified upon their release. For example, a charge may be required to regularly attend counseling, obtain a steady job, and take part in frequent drug tests. An individual must routinely report to their assigned probation officer, in order to detail any progress that he/she has made.
In addition the supervising a recently released convict, a probation officer must also report his/her progress to the court. In the event that a charge violates the specified conditions of his/her probation, a probation officer is required to inform the court. An individual who is employed as a probation officer may provided judges with suggestions regarding the sentences and probation of his/her charges.
These individuals help to ensure that a newly released convict is successfully reintegrated into the community. Probation officers are responsible for providing their charges with the knowledge and skills necessary for them to succeed, and advising them on important life decisions, as they adjust to their new lives. 

How to Become a Probation Officer

How to Become a Probation Officer

Probation officer jobs can be extremely rewarding, as individuals who are employed within this field help once troubled criminals to become productive members of society. However, in order for an individual to be eligible for probation jobs, he/she must complete extensive training and education. First, an individual must earn a high school degree. It is important that he/she maintain high grades throughout high school, so that he/she will be accepted to an accredited college or university. 
Following graduation from high school, an individual must locate a college program that is suitable to his/her interests and desires. Probation officer requirements vary from one state to another, and from one department to another. An individual will be required to obtain a bachelor’s degree, in order to become a probation officer. There are many degree programs that an individual can enroll in. In most instances, social work, criminal justice, counseling, and psychology provide individuals with the background necessary to become a probation officers.
Though many states do not require an individual to obtain a master’s degree, individuals who do acquire advanced degrees are more likely to be employed as a probation officers. Once an individual’s education is complete, he/she should seek employment in positions that will provide his/her with applicable experience. 
He/she will be required to successfully pass a series of examinations, as well as a government operated training program. Once each of these steps is completed, an individual will be eligible for employment in probation officer jobs. 

What Do Probation Services Help With?

What Do Probation Services Help With?

Probation services are provided by probation departments, and are carried out in order to promote public safety. In addition, probation services seek to ensure that individuals are held liable for any crimes that they commit and that they are punished accordingly. A probation department offers a variety of different probation services. 
In many instances, the services available will vary depending upon whether the cases involve juvenile offenders or adult offenders. For example, one probation service targeting juveniles is the assessment of family bonds. A probation officer will analyze family relationships, and provide advice on how to strengthen and improve these relationships. A probation department will also provide juvenile offenders with referrals to organizations that specialize in family counseling and substance abuse treatment.
The primary probation service focusing on adult offenders is supervision. A probation department will supervise the actions and behavior of released offenders to ensure that they to not threaten the health or well being of other members of the community. In the event that a violent offender is exhibiting indications that he/she may cause harm to another individual, a probation officer will report this to the court and offer suggestions on how to best address the situation. 
The probation department will also ensure that a released offender adheres to all conditions of his/he probation, including maintaining a productive job and avoiding illegal substances. If an individual does not adhere to these specifications, a probation department will relay this information to the court and may suggest incarceration. 

What Are Some Probation Service Jobs

What Are Some Probation Service Jobs

Probation service jobs can be both rewarding and exciting. There are a variety of positions available for individuals who wish to become involved in probation services, and these positions may exist in a number of different environments. Probation officer positions are the fundamental jobs within the field of probation services, however, there is a great deal of variation regarding a probation officer’s responsibilities and location of employment. 
In general, probation officers and other probation service professionals supervise the release of of offenders and their reintegration into a community. In the United States, individuals who are employed within the field work for local governments or state governments. In other countries, such as England, probation services is a national effort. Just as the United States maintains county and state probation departments, England has developed the National Probation Service to carry out similar duties and offer analogous employment opportunities.
When an individual decides to become a probation officer, he/she will choose whether he/she wants to be a juvenile probation officer or an adult probation officer. If an individual enjoys working with children and young adults, he/she will likely focus on juvenile probation services. 
In some instances, a probation officer will have the opportunity to focus on specific types of offenses. For example, a probation officer may want to work closely with violent offenders. An individual who is employed within this field can work within a probation office, or he/she may be employed within a prison. A prison probation staff provides inmates with assistance and guidance, and prepares them for release from prison by offering advice and recommendations. 

Juvenile Probation vs. Adult Probation

Juvenile Probation vs. Adult Probation

Just as there are different facilities for the containment of juvenile convicts and adult convicts, there are different probation services available for juvenile and adult offenders. Both juvenile probation services and adult probation services are concerned with the supervision of release offenders throughout the reintegration process. 
However, the procedures and methods involved vary slightly. Juvenile probation is reserved for individuals who are under the age of 18 and who have been tried as a juvenile. Juvenile probation seeks to help juvenile offenders overcome the conditions that caused them to partake in criminal behavior and teach them effective methods of becoming productive members of a community. Often, this involves out of placement, especially if an offender’s family is psychologically or physically abusive. Correctional counseling and behavioral skill counseling are often conditions of juvenile parole
Adult probation is reserved for adult offenders. These offenders may have committed violent crimes or relatively minor offenses. Adult probation seeks to hold criminals liable while initiating change, by implementing correctional practices. In many instances, adult offenders who have been placed on probation or required to obtain a respectable job. 
Often, adult probation provides offenders with the skills necessary to avoid criminal behavior. The reintegration process will teach them to accept personal responsibility and responsibility for their actions. In addition, adult probation utilizes restorative justice methods to compensate victims and reduce the likelihood that an individual will commit additional offenses. 

Don’t Break Your Probation Violation

Don't Break Your Probation Violation

When an offender is placed on probation, he/she is required to adhere to the specific conditions associated with his/her probation. The terms will vary from one individual to another, based upon his/her specific case. In most instances, an offender will be required to report to his/her probation officer on a regular basis. This may be every 24 hours or every few days, depending upon the terms specified. If he/she fails to report to his/her probation officer, he/she has take part in probation violation. 
It is likely that an offender will be prohibited from leaving the immediate area without informing his/her probation officer. An individual will also be required to take part in routine drug tests. If a drug test indicates that an individual has been using illegal substances, he/she can receive further punishment for his/her probation violation. Adult offenders may be required to maintain a steady job and diligently attend counseling sessions. Violating any of these conditions can have serious implications for an offender.
If an individual violates the conditions of his/her probation, his/her probation officer is required to report it to the court. A probation officer also has the ability to incarcerate an individual while petition the court regarding the offending violation of probation. If the defendant is not able to prove that he/she is innocent of the accusations, he/she may be subject to additional punishment. 
The probation officer can request that new terms be created for the individual’s probation. The court may decide that imprisonment is necessary, and the offender will be required to complete a prison sentence. It is vital that an individual comply with the conditions of his/her probation, in order to avoid serious repercussions. 

The Role of a Juvenile Probation Officer

The Role of a Juvenile Probation Officer

A juvenile probation officer in an individual who works exclusively with children under the age of 18 and juvenile courts. Individuals who are employed in this field oversee the juvenile probation process and ensure that juveniles do not violate the conditions of their probation. In most instances, a juvenile probation officer will not only be required to supervise an offending juvenile, but he/she will also be required to work closely with the offender’s family. 
An individual who is employed as a juvenile probation officer will maintain up to date case files regarding a charge’s offenses and progress. He/she will report all progress to the court and make any recommendations that may be beneficial to a juvenile. A probation officer should be a role model for his/her charges, encouraging them to avoid criminal behavior and teaching them by example. It is important that juveniles are able to trust their probation officer and confide in him/her.
It addition to forming a strong bond with their juvenile charges and working closely with families, juvenile probation officers must also work with schools, to ensure that an offender is complying with the probation terms in all areas of his/her life. A probation officer must ensure that a juvenile offender effectively completes any obligations or responsibilities that he/she has to the court. 
This may include fines, court appearances, and community service. A probation officer must carefully monitor a juvenile’s activities, behavior, and property. He/she must also perform routine drug tests. Any violation of probation must be reported to the court by a probation officer. 

Difference Between Probation and Parole

Difference Between Probation and Parole

Many people confuse probation and parole, or fail to understand the fundamental difference between these two statuses. When an individual is convicted of a crime, there are a number of possible punishments that he/she may receive. For example, if an individual has committed a relatively minor offense, he/she may be required to pay a fine or take part in community service. If his/her offense was more serious, he/she may be sentences to serve time in prison. However, in some instances, an individual will escape incarceration and be placed on probation. 
This may occur if an individual is under the age of eighteen, if he/she has committed no prior offenses, or if the offense was considered to be minor. If an individual is placed on probation, he/she will be required to adhere to regulations and guidelines outlined by the court. If he/she violate the conditions of his/her probation, or if he/she commits an additional crime while on probation, he/she may receive additional consequences, such as imprisonment.
Probation and parole differ in regard to the period during which an offender is placed under supervision. When an individual is supervised as an alternative to imprisonment it is known as probation, and parole occurs when an individual is released from prison prior to the completion of his/her prison sentence. When an individual is placed on parole, he/she is allowed to leave prison before the intended date, usually due to good behavior. 
He/she will be permitted to carry out the remainder of his/her sentence in society. Both people who are released on probation and parole are required to meet with parole officers regularly, so that they can monitor and observe the offenders’ progress. 

Know the Rules of Probation

Know the Rules of Probation

Probation rules are terms and conditions that are imposed on an individual who is placed on probation. Failure to adhere to the conditions is known as a probation violation, and can cause an individual to acquire more severe punishments. Probation rules vary from one case to another, however, the fundamental regulations remain similar in most cases. 
The most basic of all probation rules is to regularly report to a probation officer. The court will specify how often this must occur, and it may range from every 24 hours, to every few days. An individual who is on parole must immediately notify his/her parole officer if there are any changed to his/her personal information, including his/her telephone number and address. A criminal can not leave his/her jurisdiction without obtaining written permission from his/her parole officer. He/she must also submit to routine drug testing and must inform his/her parole officer if any prescription drugs are being consumed.
In addition to these fundamental conditions, an individual who is on probation is not permitted to purchase or carry any type of weapon or object that may be harmful to other individuals. He/she is not able to possess or use alcohol or drugs. If a criminal was order to pay restitution or any related fees, he/she must ensure that these fees are paid.
He/she will most likely be required to maintain a steady job, though a convicted criminal will not be permitted to work with elderly individuals or children. It is important that an individual fully understand all conditions associated with his/her probation, and strictly adhere to these terms. 

Facts About State and Federal Probation

Facts About State and Federal Probation

In the United States, each state maintains a probation department to supervise criminals who are released on probation. The state probation departments are responsible for supervising the reintegration of criminals who have been tried and convicted in a state court. Within the United States, similar crimes can be tried at a federal or state level. 
This often depends upon the specific conditions of a crime, including who was involved, where it occurred, and the crime itself. Both a state prison and a federal prison can house violent offenders, or individuals responsible for theft, burglary, and other criminal activities. Individuals who are tried in federal courts can receive the same sentences as criminals who are tried in state courts. This includes probation. Therefore, it is necessary to have probation systems that address the supervised release of both state convicted criminals and federally convicted criminals. 
Just as state probation departments are responsible for overseeing the probation state convicted offenders, the federal probation system is responsible for supervising the release of individuals who were tried and convicted in a federal court. Federal probation is very similar to state probation. An criminal who is released on federal probation must comply with the specified probation rules and avoid further criminal behavior.
Individuals who are employed as federal parole officers must monitor the behavior of their charges to ensure that they are not presenting any threat to society.Just as with state probation, violation of federal probation can have serious repercussions for a criminal.