What is a Correctional Facility?
The institution colloquially regarded as Jail is included within the classification of a penal system existing within a country or nation. The Department of Corrections within the United States is a governmental branchresponsible for the regulation and oversight of Federal correctional institutions and prison facilities.
Although jails and prisons are both classified as correctional facilities that provide the means of incarceration, a contrast between both jail and prison exists within a variety of factors – this contrast is typically found upon the examination of not only the administration structure belonging to the prison or jail in question, but also to the respective size of the institution, the population of inmates, the duration of incarceration within the facility, the capacity of the facility, and the nature of the resources available with regard to the facilities in question:
What is a Jail?
A Jailis acorrectional institutionthat exists outside of the jurisdiction belonging toa specific Department of Corrections, as well as the Federal Bureau of Prisons. Jails are typically utilized to incarcerate inmates on a more localized level; as a result, these types of facilities commonly exist withinthe jurisdiction of towns, cities, or counties. The following classification and detailing is common with regard to the classification of a jail in contrast to the classification of a prison:
A Jail is considered to house criminals for periods of incarceration that are far more brief than those taking place within the level of prisons
A jail typically houses individuals apprehended in the presumed involvement of crimes and criminal activities considered to be less severe than those incarcerated within a prison system
A Jails is typically regulated and overseen by the appropriate branch of local government in lieu of the overarching state government branch belonging to the state in which the jail resides
A Jail will typically house inmates for a period not exceeding a year’s time
Prisons are institutions that may exist within an individual states’ Department of Corrections; prisons may also be operated and regulated on a Federal level, which is typically under the jurisdiction of the Federal Bureau of Prisons (FBOP)
A Prison – in contrast to a jail - may range from security level to the level of inmate population; prisons can house inmates who have been convicted for the most severe crime
Inmates incarcerated in a prison facility may be sentenced to periods of incarceration ranging from 1 year to life imprisonment – in the event that capital punishment is facilitated in a specific state, a prison can administer that process
What Types of Jail Exist?
The following types of jails are common within localized municipalities existing within the United States:
Local Jail: An administrative, penal holding cell – or an additional method of confinement – in which individuals requiring brief confinement may be held until the completion of processing
County Jail: A Jail that provides incarceration for inmates accused of crimes less severe in nature within the expanse of a county within a specific state